European Union cross-border claims

European Order for payment procedure (EOP)

The EOP makes it easier and quicker for creditors to recover uncontested monetary debts, in cross-border cases i.e. where one of the parties lives in a different EU Member State from where the case is to take place.

The procedure operates on the basis of standard forms and a uniform process across all EU member states. It can be used in both civil and commercial matters and does not require the use of lawyers. The procedure is optional and can be used instead of existing procedures under national law.

A creditor who obtains an order using this procedure will not have to undertake intermediate steps to enforce the decision in another EU Member State.

Further information on how to obtain a European Order for Payment can be found within leaflet EX725 – making a cross-border claim in the EU

The forms required to obtain a European Order for Payment can be obtained from the European Commission's Judicial Atlas website

European Small Claims Procedure (ESCP)

From 1 January 2009 The European Small Claims Procedure will provide consumers and businesses all over Europe with a uniform, speedy and affordable debt recovery process for low value claims in cross-border cases.

The procedure will apply in civil and commercial matters where the value of a claim does not exceed EU 2000. The procedure applies to monetary claims as well as to non-monetary claims.

The ESCP introduces standard forms to be used by the parties and the court across the EU and establishes time limits for the parties and for the court in order to simplify and speed-up litigation concerning small claims.

Further information on how to make a european small claim can be found within leaflet EX725 - Making a cross-border claim in the EU

he forms required to make a european small claim can be obtained from the European Commission's Judicial Atlas website

European Enforcement Orders (EEO)

An EEO provides a simpler method for enforcing your uncontested judgment in another country within the European Union. But if the claim becomes a defended claim you must follow the normal rules of the court for enforcing a judgment abroad.

Information on how to make an application for a European Enforcement Order can be found in Leaflet EX375 – European Enforcement Order (EEO)

The forms required to make a European Enforcement Order can be obtained from the European Commission's Judicial Atlas website

HM Courts & Tribunals Service

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