Offender Behaviour Programmes (OBPs)

What are Accredited Offending Behaviour and Substance Misuse Programmes?

An accredited programme is a series of activities aimed at working with offenders to reduce reoffending.  Accreditation shows that these programmes are evidence-based and congruent with the 'What Works' literature. Programmes vary in length and complexity and mode of delivery and are targeted according to risk and need.

Do Offending Behaviour and Substance Misuse Programmes make a difference?

In order to achieve accreditation each programme will have demonstrated that they are based on sound evidence on what techniques and interventions help offenders to change and what assessment tools are reliable in targeting the appropriate offenders for each intervention. For every intervention there is also a commitment to rigorous monitoring of the quality of programme delivery and an evaluation of the impact made by the programme on future reoffending. 

There is growing international evidence that the type of cognitive-behavioural techniques that NOMS accredited programmes apply are the most effective in reducing offending behaviour; evidence Fact Sheets are available from Interventions Unit.

Brief details of our current suite of Accredited Programmes:

ART (Aggression Replacement Training) – A groupwork programme for people convicted of violent offences or who have problems controlling their temper. It challenges offenders to accept responsibility for their behaviour; the aims are to reduce the incidence of assault, public order offences and criminal damage, increase public protection and challenge offenders to accept responsibility for their crime and its consequences.

ARV (Alcohol Related Violence Programme) – An alcohol programme which aims to reduce alcohol related violent offending. This medium intensity cognitive behavioural group programme is designed for hazardous drinkers (i.e. NOT severely dependant drinkers) in custody for alcohol related violence. It challenges the way individuals think towards drinking and violence, examines lifestyles and decision making, primarily (but not exclusively) in younger men.  

ASRO (Addressing Substance Related Offending) – A drug and alcohol cognitive behavioural intervention designed to assist offenders address drug and alcohol related offending and to reduce or stop substance misuse.

Belief in Change - A year long programme for medium to high risk general offenders. It focuses on reintegration and building skills and support networks for release. It uses a range of methods including community living, structured group work, individual coaching and mentoring. It places high emphasis on building links in the wider community and increasing employability. Belief in Change encourages participants to think about their personal faith and spirituality and how this might support their process of change.

BSR (Building Skills for Recovery) - This is a psychosocial programme which can be delivered in a group setting or on a one-to-one basis. It aims to reduce offending behaviour and problematic substance misuse with an eventual goal of recovery. This is achieved through the exploration of previous and current substance use and the acquisition of a skill set to prevent future relapse into former patterns and behaviours – in essence the formulation of a person centred 'Recovery toolkit'.

CALM (Controlling Anger and Learning to Manage it) - An emotional management programme designed for those whose offending behaviour is precipitated by intense emotions. The goals are to assist offenders understand the factors that trigger their anger and aggression and learn skills to manage their emotions.

Choices, Actions, Relationships and Emotions (CARE) - This is a course for female prisoners whose offending is related to difficulties with emotion regulation. The course aims to help participants identify and label emotions and develop skills for managing emotion. In addition, the course aims to foster a positive self-identity that will enable participants to live the kind of life they would like to on release.

CDVP (Community Domestic Violence Programme) - A Domestic Violence programme aimed at reducing the risk of violent crime and abusive behaviour towards women in relationships by helping male perpetrators change their attitudes and behaviour and to reduce the risk of all violent and abusive behaviour in the family.

Chromis - This is a complex and intensive programme that aims to reduce violence in high risk offenders whose level or combination of psychopathic traits disrupts their ability to accept treatment and change. Chromis has been specifically designed to meet the needs of highly psychopathic individuals and provides participants with the skills to reduce and manage their risk.

COVAID Programmes (Control of violence and anger in impulsive drinkers) – A series of programmes aimed at reducing violence and anger in impulsive drinkers. The different versions of the COVAID programme can be delivered as groupwork or on a one to one basis, in either secure or community settings. All the programmes are aimed at reducing re-offending primarily by young men with a repeated history of violence whilst intoxicated.

CSB (Cognitive Skills Booster) - Designed to reinforce learning from other general offending programmes (ETS, Think First and R&R) through skills rehearsal and relapse prevention.

Democratic TC (Therapeutic Community) - Democratic TCs provide a residential, offending behaviour intervention for prisoners who have a range of complex offending behaviour risk areas, including emotional and psychological needs and Personality Disorders. Democratic TCs provide a 24/7 living-learning intervention for offenders whose primary criminogenic risk factors need to be targeted whilst simultaneously addressing psychological and emotional disturbance.

DID (Drink Impaired Drivers Programme) - DID challenges attitudes and behaviour, aiming to reduce drink driving. Through self monitoring of an offender's drinking it aims to  increase the knowledge of alcohol and its effects; promote safer driving and create a change in behaviour and attitude towards alcohol use and driving. It also aims to raise awareness and the effects on victims, victims families and the offender themselves.

FOCUS Substance misuse programme - A cognitive behavioural treatment programme designed to assist prisoners to address factors relating to substance (drug and alcohol) misuse that links to their offending behaviour.

FOR (Focus on Resettlement) - This is a resettlement intervention designed to give a kick-start to the process of change It is a brief cognitive-motivational programme the primary objective of which is to increase the motivation of prisoners to become committed and active participants in setting their own agenda for change.  This programme is designed for those serving sentences under 4 years and is only available in custody.

Generic Booster Programme GBP – This is a booster programme for candidates from TSP, BSR and the new violence programme. It is currently in development and will be piloted over the next year.

HRP (Healthy Relationship Programme) - A programme for men who have committed violent behaviour in a domestic setting. The aim is to end violence and abuse against participants' intimate partners. Participants will learn about their abusive behaviours and be taught alternative skills and behaviours to help them develop healthy, non-abusive relationships.  There are two versions of HRP – the moderate intensity programme for men assessed as having a moderate risk/moderate need profile and the high intensity programme designed for high risk/high need offenders.  

IDAP (Integrated Domestic Abuse Programme) – A domestic abuse programme designed for men who have committed violent behaviour in an intimate relationship. The aim is to end violence and abuse against participants' intimate partners.  Participants will learn about their abusive behaviours and be taught alternative skills and behaviours to help them develop healthy, non-abusive relationships.

JETS (Juvenile Estate Thinking Skills Programme) - The JETS programme is based on the ETS cognitive skills programme but has been specifically re-developed for use with a juvenile age group (14-17 years). The JETS programme addresses thinking and behaviour associated with offending.

Kainos 'challenge to change' -  This programme is a full time, twenty four week, therapeutic community based programme targeted at medium to high risk offenders with criminogenic needs that match those targeted by the programme. It uses a hybrid model - combining elements of cognitive behavioural programmes provided in four main intervention modules with learning, and delivered through a therapeutic community approach.  The programme is partly facilitated by mentors who have already completed the programme.  The Kainos Community is a registered charity and currently runs programmes in three prisons: HMP the Verne, HMP Stocken and HMP Swaleside.

LIAP (Low Intensity Alcohol Programme) - Provides motivation for behaviour change through alcohol misuse awareness to assist relapse prevention.

OSAP (Substance Abuse Programme) – This programme addresses drugs or alcohol misuse, using cognitive methods to change attitudes and behaviour to prevent relapse and reduce offending.

P-ASRO (Prison - Addressing Substance Related Offending) - A Drug intervention, P-ASRO addresses how thought processes and socio-economic situations contribute to the development of problematic levels of substance use and crime in individuals over their life span. Uses full assessment, programme material, individual key work sessions and a post programme review to evaluate progress and identify further support and treatment needs.

Priestley One to One Programme (Priestley OTO) – A cognitive and motivational programme focuses on changing behaviour to reduce offending, including problem-solving, self-management and social skills; to increase public protection and challenges offenders to accept responsibility for their crime and its consequence. This programme only runs in the community.

PPTCP (Prison Partnership Therapeutic Community Programme) – An abstinence based substance misuse programme based on a total immersion model.  Participants take responsibility for self, and mutual, help in making lifestyle modifications within a three phase treatment model designed to mirror wider community living. Participants are responsible for the day to day running of the programme which consists of work roles, leisure time, group and 1:1 sessions, challenging behaviour and support. Can also be referred to as hierarchical or concept based TC's.

PPTSP (Prison Partnership Twelve Step Programme) -  A drug and alcohol high intensity intervention programme aiming to highlight loss of control over an individual's substance use, offending and other dysfunctional areas of life.  The aim is to develop a commitment to change whilst gaining the support of a Higher Power. Unhelpful thought processes are replaced with more pro-social models with ongoing support linked to the Fellowships of Narcotics Anonymous, Alcoholics Anonymous and Cocaine Anonymous.

RAPt (Rehabilitation of Addicted Prisoners Trust) - including Alcohol Dependency Treatment Programme (ADTP) – These are Drug & Alcohol interventions that aim to highlight loss of control over an individual's substance use, offending and other areas of life and develops a commitment to change whilst gaining the support of a higher power. Follows the 12 step NA fellowship programme.

RESOLVE - A moderate intensity cognitive-behavioural intervention that aims to reduce violence in medium risk adult male offenders. The programme includes group and individual sessions and is suitable for offenders with a history of reactive or instrumental violence. 

RESPOND - This is an individual cognitive skills programme for offenders who are eligible for TSP but not suitable for the group format for a variety of reasons. It is currently in development and will be piloted next year.

SCP (Self Change Programme) - Aims to reduce violence in high risk repetitively violent offenders. The programme targets offenders' patterns of anti-social thinking and beliefs that support violence.

SDP (Short Duration Programme) - A structured 4 week intervention, based on a CBT/Harm Minimisation model. Looking at substance awareness, harm minimisation and the treatment services available in prison and the community. Also focusing on harm minimisation, the cycle of change and relapse prevention and on high-risk situations, coping with cravings and relationships as well as problem solving, reviewing the programme and each individual's relapse prevention plan.  The intervention concludes with a post programme review to evaluate progress and identify further support and treatment needs.

Sex Offender Treatment Programmes (SOTP) - A range of programmes are available for sexual offenders, providing a menu which are offered according to the level of risk and need of the offender.

C-SOGP (Community Sex Offenders Group Programme) - helps offenders develop understanding of how and why they have committed sexual offences. The programme also increases awareness of victim harm. The main focus is to help the offender develop meaningful life goals and practice new thinking and behavioural skills that will lead him away from offending.

NSOGP (Northumbria Sex Offenders Group Programme) - helps offenders develop understanding of how and why they have committed sexual offences. The programme also increases awareness of victim harm. The main focus is to help the offender develop meaningful life goals and practice new thinking and behavioural skills that will lead him away from offending.

NSOGP (Northumbria Sex Offenders Group Programme) - Community Better Lives (RP) BL and RP (Community) - A sex offender treatment programme that follows on from 'core' programmes such as NSOGP or SOTP.  Its aim is to reinforce and consolidate core learning and to develop and practice skills essential in assisting men to formulate appropriate relapse prevention strategies.

TVSOGP (Thames Valley Sex Offenders Group Programme) - helps offenders develop understanding of how and why they have committed sexual offences. The programme also increases awareness of victim harm. The main focus is to help the offender develop meaningful life goals and practice new thinking and behavioural skills that will lead him away from offending.

I-SOTP (Internet Sex Offender Treatment Programme) - A programme designed to explore and address the thoughts, feelings and beliefs underpinning the group members internet sex offending.  Aim is to reduce the risk of further similar offending and, like other sex offender programmes, increases the offenders understanding of the impact of their offending on others, including their victims.

ASOTP-CV (Adapted Sex Offender Treatment Programme - Community Version) - Adapted Community sex offender programme similar to SOTP, but adapted for those who have social or learning difficulties. It is designed to increase sexual knowledge, modify offence-justifying thinking, develop ability to recognise feelings in themselves and others, to gain an understanding of victim harm, and develop relapse prevention skills.

SOTP Core (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme) - Core helps offenders develop understanding of how and why they have committed sexual offences. The programme also increases awareness of victim harm. The main focus is to help the offender develop meaningful life goals and practice new thinking and behavioural skills that will lead him away from offending.

SOTP BNM (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme Becoming New Me) - Covers similar areas to Core SOTP, but adapted for those who have social or learning difficulties. It is designed to increase sexual knowledge, modify offence-justifying thinking, develop ability to recognise feelings in themselves and others, to gain an understanding of victim harm, and develop relapse prevention skills.

SOTP BLB (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme Better Lives Booster) - Designed to boost sexual offenders' learning from other SOTPs and provide additional opportunities to practice personally relevant skills. It can be run in two forms - a low intensity (one session a week) helps to maintain change in long term prisoners and the high intensity, pre-release programme is particularly focused on preparation for transition into the community.

SOTP ABLB (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme Adapted Better Lives Booster) - Aimed at those who have completed the Adapted SOTP. Shares the same aims as the Core version but the treatment delivery methods are different to accommodate different learning styles and abilities. A low intensity version is for long term prisoners and a high intensity version is for those who are in the last year of their sentence, preparing them for release.

SOTP Extended (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme Extended) - Extended is targeted at high and very high risk men who have successfully met the treatment targets of the Core programme. The programme covers 4 areas; recognising and modifying patterns of dysfunctional thinking, emotional regulation, intimacy skills and relapse prevention.

SOTP HSF (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme Healthy Sexual Functioning) - Aims to promote healthy sexual functioning, mainly in high-risk sexual offenders, who acknowledge current or very recent offence-related sexual interests. Modules include developing a more healthy sexuality, patterns in sexual arousal, behavioural strategies for promoting healthy sexual interest and relapse prevention.

SOTP Rolling (Sex Offenders Treatment Programme Rolling) - Rolling provides a less intensive level of treatment with more emphasis on relationships skills and attachment styles deficits. The group rolls continuously with members joining and leaving as it rolls along so members will therefore be at different stages of treatment, depending on when they joined the group.

The Women's Programme – This is a cognitive and motivational programme specifically designed for women who have committed acquisitive offences and are at risk of reconviction for non violent crimes. It is suitable for women where there is a demonstrable history of acquisitive offending despite the current offence not appearing acquisitive in nature. The programme looks at the way women understand and deal with problems in their lives, and looks at alternative ways of dealing with them.

TSP (Thinking Skills Programme) – A cognitive skills programme which  addresses the way offenders think and their behaviour associated with offending. The programme aims to reduce reoffending by engaging and motivating, coaching and responding to individual need and building on continuity. It supports offenders developing skills in setting goals and making plans to achieve these without offending.

Additionally:

A>Z  - This is a short motivational non-accredited programme designed to support offenders in engaging in pro-social activities and see a reason for moving away from offending.

Motivational enhancement work designed to encourage prisoners to consider their lives up until now, choices they have made and goals for the future.

 

HM Prison Service

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