Care Proceedings Reform

We are committed to reducing unnecessary delay in care proceedings, bringing together all the agencies involved in the care proceedings system with local accountability.

Public Law Outline: 2014 update

From 22 April 2014, the Public Law Outline (PLO) 2014 for care, supervision and other Part 4 proceedings will come into effect. The PLO 2014 updates the pilot PLO that was introduced on 1 July 2013. This follows feedback gathered during the pilot, as well as a targeted consultation undertaken by the Family Procedure Rule Committee during November – December 2013.

The PLO 2014 has been amended so that there is now a window for the Case Management Hearing of ‘not before Day 12 and no later than Day 18’ instead of the fixed ‘by Day 12’. A number of smaller amendments have been made to highlight cases with an international element.

Until 22 April, the pilot PLO will continue to be in force. As the pilot PLO was originally intended to run until 31 March 2014, a practice direction extending it until 21 April 2014 has been issued to cover the intervening period.

The application form C110A has also been further revised to include applications for emergency protection orders. This will be required for any new applications issued from 22 April. Please note that it will now be possible to apply for Part 4 and EPO proceedings at the same time and on the same form. In addition, the threshold statement and allocation proposal form, which were previously annex documents, have been incorporated into the form.

The PLO 2014, the revised C110A, the revised PLO flowchart and the practice direction extending the pilot can be viewed here:

Practice Direction 12A (the PLO 2014)

Updated C110A application form

Updated Public Law Outline flowchart

Practice Direction 36C Extension of pilot (PDF)

Public Law Outline

From 1 July 2013, a pilot Public Law Outline for care, supervision and other Part 4 proceedings will be introduced. The pilot will run until 31 March 2014 and will enable courts in specified areas to implement the new court process required to support the proposed 26 week time limit for proceedings.

Areas will join the pilot on a phased basis between July and October. A list of participating courts will be published on this page and updated monthly.

The pilot practice direction, revised PLO and keeling schedule can be viewed here. Practitioners may also wish to view the updated application form for proceedings, C110A, which also comes into force on 1 July and should be used from the date a local area commences the pilot, as well as the template for a new annex document - the Allocation Proposal Form. 

Practice Direction 36C

Annex to Practice Direction 36C - the PLO

Keeling Schedule

Public Law Outline flowchart

Public Law Outline Pilot background notes

Specimen application form C110A

Allocation proposal form 

Participating Courts list

Local Family Justice Boards

46 LFJBs were set up across England and Wales in 2012 following the Government response to the Family Justice Review.  The LFJBs oversee the operation of local family justice as part of a system-wide approach to improving performance and reducing delay in care proceedings. 

They bring together local decision makers from agencies across the care proceedings system to develop local solutions to local problems. The overarching aim of LFJBs is to achieve significant improvement in the performance of the family justice system in their local area. 

Their specific objectives are to:

  • analyse and identify causes of delay within individual local agencies and the system as a whole and put in place local actions to improve performance and the delivery of family justice;
  • report to the Performance Improvement Sub-Group of the Family Justice Board, through action plans, examples of best practice and also to report issues where broader strategic challenges outside the scope of local action may be emerging;
  • organise inter-disciplinary training with at least one training event a year;
  • engage with other LFJBs to identify opportunities to share best practice and resources;
  • identify differences in performance locally and regionally to improve consistency of best practice across the agencies; and
  • provide a direct link with other relevant local groups.

Revised statutory guidance for local authorities

The Department for Children, Schools and Families and the Welsh Assembly Government have issued revised statutory guidance to assist local authorities.

This sets out all the steps local authorities need to take before they apply to court for a care or supervision order. The revised guidance came into force in both England and Wales on 1 April 2008.

DCSF: The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations Volume 1: Court Orders (England)

Welsh Assembly Government: The Children Act 1989 Guidance and Regulations Volume 1: Court Orders (Wales)

Parent’s Pack – information for parents about care proceedings

This is a booklet for parents who may be about to be taken to court by a local authority because of concerns over the safety and welfare of their child. It gives parents information in a clear and straightforward manner about what is involved in court proceedings and the various stages in the process. It is intended that parents should receive this information from local authorities at the stage at which a Letter before Proceedings is issued.

Parent's pack (PDF 1.36mb 28 pages)

Pecyn Gwybodaeth i Rieni (PDF 1.60mb 28 pages)

Your child could be taken into care – here’s what you need to know. A leaflet version is also available:

Your child could be taken into care – here’s what you need to know

Parents leaflet (PDF 0.4mb)

Parents leaflet, Welsh (PDF 0.4mb)

Practice direction public law proceedings guide to case management: April 2010

The Judiciary for England and Wales and the Ministry of Justice have issued a case management Practice Direction, which comes into force on 6 April 2010, and replaces the Public Law Outline Practice Direction (April 2008).

Court forms April 2010

To support the Public Law Practice Direction (April 2010), we have introduced a application form C110 for care and supervision orders. The form C1 has also been revised to reflect these changes.

Others new forms for Standard Directions are the PLO 8 and the PLO 9.

Practice Direction and forms

Pre-proceedings legal advice

The Legal Services Commission provides non-means and non-merit publicly funded legal advice for parents and those with parental responsibility. Access to this service is triggered when the local authority gives written notice of the potential to issue care proceedings.

The aim of the service is to work with the family to help resolve issues or avoid the need for court proceedings, if the necessary improvements can be agreed.

Full details about Family Help (Lower) Level 2 are in section 20 of the LSC Funding Code: Decision Making Guidance - Family.

LSC: Funding Code

LSC: pay rates and schemes

Lord Laming's report

Lord Laming was commissioned to prepare an independent report on the arrangements to safeguard children in England. His report was published on 12 March 2009, with a total of 58 recommendations. The government responded immediately and accepted all the recommendations in full, followed by a detailed action plan on 6 May 2009.

The protection of children in England: a progress report

response to Lord Laming

Chief Adviser on the Safety of Children

The government has appointed Sir Roger Singleton to be its Chief Adviser on child safety in England. Sir Roger will play a key role in ensuring that the government delivers the pledges made in the government's action plan.

Chief Adviser on the Safety of Children

Ministry of Justice


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