PART 72 - THIRD PARTY DEBT ORDERS
|Scope of this Part and interpretation||Rule 72.1|
|Third party debt order||Rule 72.2|
|Application for third party debt order||Rule 72.3|
|Interim third party debt order||Rule 72.4|
|Service of interim order||Rule 72.5|
|Obligations of third parties served with interim order||Rule 72.6|
|Arrangements for debtors in hardship||Rule 72.7|
|Further consideration of the application||Rule 72.8|
|Effect of final third party order||Rule 72.9|
|Money in court||Rule 72.10|
Scope of this Part and interpretation
(1) This Part contains rules which provide for a judgment creditor to obtain an order for the payment to him of money which a third party who is within the jurisdiction owes to the judgment debtor.
Third party debt order
(1) Upon the application of a judgment creditor, the court may make an order (a ‘final third party debt order’) requiring a third party to pay to the judgment creditor –
(a) the amount of any debt due or accruing due to the judgment debtor from the third party; or
(b) so much of that debt as is sufficient to satisfy the judgment debt and the judgment creditor's costs of the application.
(2) The court will not make an order under paragraph 1 without first making an order (an ‘interim third party debt order’) as provided by rule 72.4(2).
(3) In deciding whether money standing to the credit of the judgment debtor in an account to which section 40 of the Supreme Court Act 1981 or section 108 of the County Courts Act 1984 relates may be made the subject of a third party debt order, any condition applying to the account that a receipt for money deposited in the account must be produced before any money is withdrawn will be disregarded.
(Section 40(3) of the Supreme Court Act 1981 and section 108(3) of the County Courts Act 1984 contain a list of other conditions applying to accounts that will also be disregarded.)
Application for third party debt order
(1) An application for a third party debt order –
(a) may be made without notice; and
(b) must be issued in the court which made the judgment or order which it is sought to enforce, except that –
(i) if the proceedings have since been transferred to a different court, it must be issued in that court; or
(ii) subject to subparagraph (b)(i), if it is to enforce a judgment made in the Civil National Business Centre, it must be issued in accordance with section 2 of Practice Direction 70.
Interim third party debt order
(1) An application for a third party debt order will initially be dealt with by a judge without a hearing.
(2) The judge may make an interim third party debt order–
(a) fixing a hearing to consider whether to make a final third party debt order; and
(b) directing that until that hearing the third party must not make any payment which reduces the amount he owes the judgment debtor to less than the amount specified in the order.
(3) An interim third party debt order will specify the amount of money which the third party must retain, which will be the total of–
(a) the amount of money remaining due to the judgment creditor under the judgment or order; and
(b) an amount for the judgment creditor's fixed costs of the application, as specified in Practice Direction 72.
(4) An interim third party debt order becomes binding on a third party when it is served on him.
Service of interim order
(1) Copies of an interim third party debt order, the application notice and any documents filed in support of it must be served –
(a) on the third party, not less than 21 days before the date fixed for the hearing; and
(b) on the judgment debtor not less than –
Obligations of third parties served with interim order
(1) A bank or building society served with an interim third party debt order must carry out a search to identify all accounts held with it by the judgment debtor.
(2) The bank or building society must disclose to the court and the creditor within 7 days of being served with the order, in respect of each account held by the judgment debtor –
(a) the number of the account;
(b) whether the account is in credit; and
(c) if the account is in credit –
(i) whether the balance of the account is sufficient to cover the amount specified in the order;
(ii) the amount of the balance at the date it was served with the order, if it is less than the amount specified in the order; and
(iii) whether the bank or building society asserts any right to the money in the account, whether pursuant to a right of set-off or otherwise, and if so giving details of the grounds for that assertion.
(3) If –
(a) the judgment debtor does not hold an account with the bank or building society; or
(b) the bank or building society is unable to comply with the order for any other reason (for example, because it has more than one account holder whose details match the information contained in the order, and cannot identify which account the order applies to),
the bank or building society must inform the court and the judgment creditor of that fact within 7 days of being served with the order.
(4) Any third party other than a bank or building society served with an interim third party debt order must notify the court and the judgment creditor in writing within 7 days of being served with the order, if he claims –
(a) not to owe any money to the judgment debtor; or
(b) to owe less than the amount specified in the order.
Arrangements for debtors in hardship
(1) If –
(a) a judgment debtor is an individual;
(b) he is prevented from withdrawing money from his account with a bank or building society as a result of an interim third party debt order; and
(c) he or his family is suffering hardship in meeting ordinary living expenses as a result,
the court may, on an application by the judgment debtor, make an order permitting the bank or building society to make a payment or payments out of the account (‘a hardship payment order’).
(2) An application for a hardship payment order may be made–
(a) in High Court proceedings, at the Royal Courts of Justice or to any district registry; and
(b) in County Court hearing centre proceedings, to any County Court hearing centre.
(3) A judgment debtor may only apply to one court for a hardship payment order.
(4) An application notice seeking a hardship payment order must –
(a) include detailed evidence explaining why the judgment debtor needs a payment of the amount requested; and
(b) be verified by a statement of truth.
(5) Unless the court orders otherwise, the application notice –
(a) must be served on the judgment creditor at least 2 days before the hearing; but
(b) does not need to be served on the third party.
Further consideration of the application
(1) If the judgment debtor or the third party objects to the court making a final third party debt order, he must file and serve written evidence stating the grounds for his objections.
(2) If the judgment debtor or the third party knows or believes that a person other than the judgment debtor has any claim to the money specified in the interim order, he must file and serve written evidence stating his knowledge of that matter.
(3) If –
(a) the third party has given notice under rule 72.6 that he does not owe any money to the judgment debtor, or that the amount which he owes is less than the amount specified in the interim order; and
(b) the judgment creditor wishes to dispute this,
the judgment creditor must file and serve written evidence setting out the grounds on which he disputes the third party's case.
(4) Written evidence under paragraphs (1), (2) or (3) must be filed and served on each other party as soon as possible, and in any event not less than 3 days before the hearing.
(5) If the court is notified that some person other than the judgment debtor may have a claim to the money specified in the interim order, it will serve on that person notice of the application and the hearing.
(6) At the hearing the court may –
(a) make a final third party debt order;
(b) discharge the interim third party debt order and dismiss the application;
(c) decide any issues in dispute between the parties, or between any of the parties and any other person who has a claim to the money specified in the interim order; or
(d) direct a trial of any such issues, and if necessary give directions.
Effect of final third party order
(1) A final third party debt order shall be enforceable as an order to pay money.
(2) If –
(a) the third party pays money to the judgment creditor in compliance with a third party debt order; or
(b) the order is enforced against him,
the third party shall, to the extent of the amount paid by him or realised by enforcement against him, be discharged from his debt to the judgment debtor.
(3) Paragraph (2) applies even if the third party debt order, or the original judgment or order against the judgment debtor, is later set aside.
Money in court
(1) If money is standing to the credit of the judgment debtor in court –
(a) the judgment creditor may not apply for a third party debt order in respect of that money; but
(b) he may apply for an order that the money in court, or so much of it as is sufficient to satisfy the judgment or order and the costs of the application, be paid to him.
(2) An application notice seeking an order under this rule must be served on –
(a) the judgment debtor; and
(b) the Accountant General at the Court Funds Office.
(3) If an application notice has been issued under this rule, the money in court must not be paid out until the application has been disposed of.
If the judgment creditor is awarded costs on an application for an order under rule 72.2 or 72.10 –
(a) he shall, unless the court otherwise directs, retain those costs out of the money recovered by him under the order; and
(b) the costs shall be deemed to be paid first out of the money he recovers, in priority to the judgment debt.